The cannabis in Greece
The Odyssey narrates the arrival of Telémaco to Esparta to the cut of Menelao. During the banquet offered in its honor, Telémaco evokes the destiny of its Ulises father and all the companions at table fell in a deep melancholy.
Then, Helena orders the servants who throw nepenthés in the glasses and the smile returns to the lips from all those that they were there. This nepenthés has been identified with a cannábica drink.
It was a decocción of hemp with wine and mirra (it came drawn resin from) to animate the private meetings.
Diodoro Sículo, historian of the time To stop, writes that the women of Tebas prepared by means of hemp one pócima that had he himself effect that the nepente of Homero.
The cannabis in Rome
At the Roman time the fiber was used mainly to make dresses and for the gúmenas (heavy rope to tie anchors) and the candles of the ships, as it is extracted of some brief annotations of Lucilio, Pliny, Columela and Celso (century II).
The cartaginenses knew the hashish very well. Two located amphoras full of hashish were found in trirows military (a type of galera) Carthaginian of the century III BC that was taken to the surface in 1969 in the Long Island. The moral of the sailors at the difficult moments would be used to maintain discharge.
Kiphy, that is a ceremonial incense of possible psicoactividad, between whose ingredients there is a "ream" (probably of hemp), already comprises of the meetings of the rich ones, this product was mattered from Egypt and was very expensive.
In the Metamorphosis of Ovid, in where it is spoken of a certain Glauco that takes "grass" from strange effects.
By Galen (129 to the 200) doctor of the imperial cut, we know that he was frequent to offer flowers of hemp in social meetings to urge the hilaridad and the benefit (learned custom of the societies athenian or celtas). Also it mentions that the drawn resin from wine was used (using cannabis).
When beginning century IV, to year 301, edicto of Diocleciano on prices fixes the one of modius military of opium (with a capacity for 17.5 liters) in 150 denarios, quantity that continues being extremely reasonable if it is compared with the 80 denarios that the kilo of hashish cost. Smoking Egyptian hashish era almost one eccentricity (it was worth a fortune), whereas the opium considered a basic good for the Roman home.
With the arrival of the Christianity it underwent the disappearance completely just like the other pagan drugs. Its return was after seven or eight centuries. The great extensions of marijuana cultivated by celtas, as well as saunas of the hashish disappeared.