The cannabis in Old Asia
It has been spoken of the hemp and his derivatives much (marijuana, kif, hashish) whose the history could be overcome to 8000 BC In where, according to archaeological studies, the marijuana was already cultivated to elaborate weaves.
The first historical references we have them in the 2700 BC In where Shen-Nung emperor, in a book of farmacopea written towards the 2737 BC, confirms: "taken in excess he tends to show monsters, if he is used during long time can communicate with the spirits and lighten the body".
He prescribes in addition the ream for "the feminine weakness", drop, reuma, constipation, malaria, influenza and faints.
In another book of the Chinese Literature of this time we found the Nei-Ching whose author would be the emperor kwang-you. The flowers would be used to cure the open wounds. The rind of the seed and the ream adhered to this one were used to stimulate the nervous system.
The seeds were used to fight the inflammations of the skin and were considered like tonic, reconstituyentes, laxatives, very appropriate diuréticas and to extract the worms to new born and the animals.
The oil was used like tonic for the hair and antidote to the envenenamiento of sulfur. The fresh juice of the leaves served to cure the punctures of the scorpion and the fiber to make cords and weaves.
The Chinese were first in producing paper in century I. and the oldest writings are Buddhist texts of centuries II and III facts with hemp.
The oldest rest of hemp fiber (4000 BC) have been in China, and a millenium later in Turquestán; making consider the possibility that it is a plant cultivated there originally.
Numerous old texts mention the hemp: Salomón in the Bible sings it with the name of kalamo. Under the denomination of suama he was drunk in the zone of Sinaí and smoked in the synagogues.
The Bible never rejects the marijuana consumption and some passages even make direct reference to good and the useful thing that it is to use grass like the cannabis, and its prohibition is even predicted:
"Lately some will apostatize of the faith, giving heard seductive spirits and diabolic lessons, induced by hipocresía of imposters, whose conscience is noticeable to red the alive one, that they prohibit the marriage and certain foods that God has created so that the believers and those who know the truth eat them and thank to God for that reason." (Timoteo 4:1)
The Persian prophet Zarathustra gives to the hemp the first place in the sacred text, Zend-Avesta that she includes more than 10,000 medicinal plants. In Mesopotamia botanical data they indicate that there is already hemp in all this region, although will be necessary to wait for the dominion asirio (IX BC) so that the plant appears mentioned, concretely like ceremonial incense.
In addition to the hemp the babylonian medicine used habitually: opium, mandrágora, beer and came.