Chemical composition of cannabis
The medicinal and psychoactive effects of cannabis must to a chemical compound family, denominated cannabinoides, that only is in the plant of the marijuana.
At least 61 cannabinoides have been identified in the nature. Others have been synthesized chemically.
The main psychoactive ingredient of the marijuana is the delta-9 tetrahidrocannabinol, or THC, sometimes confusedly call delta-1-THC under a different system of denomination.
Of any way, other cannabinoides also have medicinal and/or psychoactive properties.
The Cannabigerol (CBG), cannabicromeno (CBC), cannabidiol (CDB), delta-8-THC, cannabiciclol (CBL), cannabinol (CBN), cannabitriol (CBT), cannabavarina (THCU) and other cannabinoides comprise of this compound family.
All of them are known by their psicoactividad or farmacol├│gicos effects. Since the delta-9-THC is the main active ingredient of cannabis, usually it is used this to measure the potential of action of the grass.
The typical concentrations of THC are of less of 0.5% for an inactive hemp, from the 2 to 3% for the marijuana leaf, and from the 4 to 8% for the most powerful cogollos of sinsemilla.
Higher concentrations with extracts, tonics and hashish can be found (concentrated ream of cannabis).
The therapeutic doses by oral route include/understand from 2.5 to 20 milligrams of THC. Porro medium (a gram of leaf with a 2.5% of THC. or means gram of cogollo of a 5% of concentration), contain 25 milligrams of THC.
In any case, more than half the inhaled dose is lost normally with the smoke, reducing to about 10 milligrams.
Experienced consumers have informed on the fact that different types from marijuana produce colocones different and that, medically, have different effects.
Certain investigators suppose that the difference between the proportions of the different cannabinoides from a variety from another one or between different units from a same variety is even the cause of these variations.